Green Meta Internet of Things Architecture

According to data released by the World Economic Forum, the combination of the Internet of Things (IoT), 5G, and artificial intelligence (AI) can help reduce global carbon dioxide emissions by 15%.

• Green Meta, the metaverse, interacts with your real-world data, generating a twin world. In the metaverse, the IoT is leveraged to support carbon reduction. For example, in the metaverse, you can manage your smart air conditioner equipped with IoT chips, which automatically adjusts the temperature based on room conditions, resulting in up to 70% carbon emission savings.

• Green Meta combines the IoT with blockchain to provide supporting infrastructure for monitoring and supervising carbon reduction efforts on the regulatory side. This includes carbon trading to ensure the effectiveness and transparency of carbon information disclosure.

Green Meta possesses a complete IoT system architecture, which is a set of components and their interconnections within a system or network. The IoT architecture consists of the perception layer, network layer, and application layer, each fulfilling functions such as intelligent perception, access and transmission, processing and decision-making. It is based on intelligent perception of the physical environment to achieve intelligent control of target objects, such as carbon emissions.

1. Perception Layer

The perception layer of Green Meta IoT primarily focuses on information collection, transformation, and gathering, as well as executing certain commands.

Perception layer comprises sensor devices and controller devices responsible for carbon emission data collection, conversion, and control. Short-range transmission networks send data collected by sensor devices to gateways or transmit control commands from application platforms to controller devices. Sensor devices include barcode and RFID readers/writers, cameras, GPS, various sensors, terminals, sensor networks, and various terminal devices with information perception and collection capabilities, as well as actuator devices.

2. Network Layer

The network layer of Green Meta IoT includes the core network (the core backbone network) and various access networks. The network layer transmits the information obtained from the perception layer to the processing center and users.

The core network of Green Meta IoT is a grid-like network that integrates telecommunications networks and broadcasting and television networks on top of the existing internet infrastructure. It is a service-oriented, plug-and-play network and serves as the main channel and core of information transmission within the IoT, acting as the "information highway." Access networks include mobile 5G networks, digital clusters, wireless metropolitan area networks, etc., responsible for aggregating the information from the perception layer and transmitting it to the backbone network. Through access networks, the perception layer can transmit information to users, and instructions from users on the backbone network can also be transmitted to perception layer nodes.

3. Application Layer

The application layer of Green Meta IoT primarily analyzes, processes, and makes decisions based on the information. It completes the intelligent evolution from information to knowledge and control, enabling problem-solving capabilities and accomplishing specific intelligent applications and service tasks. It consists of business support platforms and various business application systems.

Business support platforms typically exist in the form of middleware, divided into management planes and computing service planes. The former is responsible for management, while the latter handles computation and processing. The intelligence of Green Meta IoT lies in the intelligent processing and decision control of information by the business support platform, known as intelligent information processing. The specific business application systems are determined by the actual application domains, such as carbon emissions and environmental monitoring.

The application layer includes data processing, middleware, cloud computing, business support systems, management systems, security services, and other application support systems (carbon neutrality, carbon emission public platforms), as well as application systems built on these public platforms.

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